45 Overdistention Staurosporine price impaired detrusor contractility, and reduced energy-producing capability of the detrusor, both of which were further decreased 30 min after decompression. Application of mannitol, a scavenger for hydroxyl radicals, prevented reperfusion injury following bladder decompression and facilitated the recovery of bladder dysfunction.45 Ischemia/reperfusion also results in damages on neural tissues and increase apoptotic activity. In a rat overdistention model, Yu et al. directly showed
a burst of reactive oxygen species in the bladder following emptying the overdistended bladder. Bladder afferent and efferent nerve activity was reduced along with impaired contractile function. Pro-apoptotic mechanisms were also enhanced. These damages could be much diminished by hypoxia preconditioning of the animals.46 Li et al. recently also showed that overdistention and subsequent emptying of rat bladders increased bladder apoptosis, which was associated with increases in the amount of poly ADP-Ribose (PAR) and decreases in ATP and NAD+ levels. Prior administration of 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB, a specific PAR polymerase inhibitor) significantly reduced bladder apoptosis and prevented impairment in energy production of the bladder.47 Functional impairment of the bladder resulting from overdistention
is likely caused by three factors: damage Opaganib to the detrusor muscle cell by mechanical stretch; impaired energy production owing to overdistention-induced ischemia; and ischemia/reperfusion damage with resultant decreased energy production, apoptosis and neural damage. Ischemia and accompanying hypoxia significantly impair the function of the urinary bladder, which is further damaged with I/R injury following the re-establishment of the blood supply. Current evidences have confirmed that functional
impairment of the urinary bladder following chronic outlet obstruction and acute overdistention might triclocarban come from tissue ischemia and I/R injury. Antioxidants, free radical scavengers or materials inhibiting I/R injury may diminish bladder damages caused by BOO or overdistention. No conflict of interest have been declared by the authors. “
“Objective: To compare the efficacy of two α1-adrenoceptor antagonists, α1D-adrenoceptor-selective naftopidil (Naf) 75 mg and α1A-adrenoceptor-selective tamsulosin hydrochloride (Tam) 0.2 mg, for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Methods: Seventy-seven patients with LUTS secondary to BPH were enrolled. Data were gathered from patients retrospectively: 41 patients who were prescribed Naf 75 mg for 4 weeks and 36 patients who were prescribed Tam 0.2 mg for 4 weeks, respectively. The efficacy criteria were improvement in LUTS International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and quality of life (QOL) scores after dosing.