17; 95% CI, 0.83, 5.70) . In another study vs. placebo, concerning 10,101 postmenopausal women
(mean age, 67.5 years) with coronary heart disease or multiple risk factors for coronary heart disease, RAL (60 mg/day) did not modify significantly the risk of primary coronary events but confirmed a reduction in the risk of invasive breast cancer (RR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.38–0.83) . The risk of clinical vertebral fractures (RR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.47–0.89) was also reduced. However, RAL therapy was associated with an increased risk of fatal stroke (RR, 1.49; 95% CI, 1.0–2.24) and venous thromboembolism (RR, 1.44; EPZ015938 in vitro 95% CI, 1.06–1.95). In the STAR study involving 19,647 postmenopausal women with increased 5-year breast cancer risk, RAL was shown to be as effective as tamoxifen in
reducing the risk of invasive breast cancer . In this study, RAL demonstrated a lower click here risk of thromboembolic events and cataracts, but a nonsignificant higher risk of noninvasive breast cancer as compared with tamoxifen . In conclusion, RAL at a daily dose of 60 mg is able to prospectively induce a significant decrease in the vertebral fracture risk in postmenopausal women with both densitometric osteoporosis (T-score ≤ −2.5) and established osteoporosis. Data on nonvertebral fracture are only positive in post hoc analyses in a subgroup of patients with prevalent vertebral fractures. Another clinical advantage is that a reduced risk of invasive breast cancer, chiefly of estrogen-receptor-positive invasive breast
cancers was observed, similar to that conferred by tamoxifen. On the other hand, RAL does not confer any cardiovascular prevention. On the contrary, it provoked a small but significant increase in the risk of fatal stroke as well as of venous thromboembolism. In his decision for antiosteoporotic therapy with RAL, the clinician should weigh the benefits observed on the reduction in invasive breast cancer and vertebral fracture risk and the drawbacks of this treatment, which are the lack of effect on nonvertebral fracture risk, and the increased risks of venous thromboembolism and fatal stroke. Bisphosphonates Alendronate, risedronate, ibandronate, and zoledronic acid (ZA) are currently registered in Belgium for the selleck products treatment of osteoporosis. Oral bisphosphonates may be associated with gastrointestinal complaints, see more and therapeutic schemes are mandatory constraining. Inconvenience and complexity of required dosing procedures with oral bisphosphonate therapy are factors that hinder medication persistence leading to suboptimal health care outcomes. These are reasons why alternative approaches have been developed. Repeated infusions of potent bisphosphonates at large time intervals could circumvent these constraints and greatly simplify the current treatment of osteoporosis. The antifracture efficacy of alendronate has been established in large populations of postmenopausal women [48–50].