Column chromatography was used to purify a cytochrome with a low molecular weight. Table 1 shows a summary of the purification of the NaxLS complex in a typical purification procedure. The purified cytochrome was analyzed using HPLC (BioLogic DuoFlow System, BioRad Co., CA) equipped with a gel filtration column (HiLoad 16/60 Superdex 75pg, Amersham Biosciences Co., NJ). The elution profile showed a single peak of protein with an apparent molecular mass of c. 25 kDa (Fig. 1a). The cytochrome was then subjected to Tricine–sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, exhibiting two bands with molecular masses of c. 14 and 11 kDa on the gel (Fig. 1b). Thus,
the protein was likely to be heterodimeric, and was named the NaxLS complex, composed of NaxL and NaxS subunits. Three point 5 mg of the purified protein were obtained from 270 mg of protein in the cell-free extract, I-BET-762 research buy indicating about
1.3% w/w recovery from the total protein (Table 1). However, the content must be more than the calculated value of 1.3% (protein recovery) because a significant amount of NaxLS was probably lost in the process of the purification process. Taking into account the high molecular masses of HZO and HAO (c. 130 and 110 kDa, respectively), the molar content of the NaxLS complex in the cell-free extracts is estimated to be comparable to those of HZO and HAO (weight content of LDK378 c. 10% each). The nucleotide sequence of a DNA fragment (c. 3 kb) harboring four ORFs, tentatively named ORF I, II, III and IV, was determined (Supporting Information, Appendix S1). ORF I encoded NaxL and ORF II encoded NaxS. ORF II encoded a polypeptide composed of 126 residues. The N-terminus of NaxS started with the 27th residue of the polypeptide, suggesting the presence of a signal sequence of 26 residues. Mature NaxS was composed of 100 residues with a molecular weight of 10 825, and it contained a heme-binding motif specific to c-type heme proteins, CYYCH, between
the 28th and the 32nd residues from the N-terminus. On the other hand, ORF I encoded a polypeptide of 110 residues and a preceding signal sequence of 28 residues as predicted by signalp software. Mature NaxL was estimated to have a molecular weight of 12 547. A heme-binding motif, CRNCH, Tideglusib was located between the 16th and the 12th residue from the C-terminus, which is typical of heme proteins belonging to the class II cytochrome c family. Homology searches were performed using the blast program. The deduced amino-acid sequences encoded by naxL and naxS demonstrated the highest identities (60% and 78%) with those of unknown proteins in the genome of C. Kuenenia stuttgartiensis, registered as CAJ70832 and CAJ70833, respectively. The orthologous genes of C. Kuenenia stuttgartiensis also flank each other on the genome (Strous et al., 2006).