Countries rarely traveled in by the Bank staff, with person-days

Countries rarely traveled in by the Bank staff, with person-days lower than 147 (15 percentile) within 3 years, were

not included in the incidence calculation and were marked as “not enough travel data” to map. A follow-up survey was distributed to the 341 staff reporting at least one road crash over the past 3 years, asking for more detailed descriptions of crash circumstances. The questions addressed who was driving, use of seatbelts, speed of the car, other circumstances of the crash, response time of assistance, need for medical treatment, use of first aid kit, use of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), need for sick-leave, and nature of the injuries. A total of 3,760 people took the online survey (response rate = 25.6%). More than half of the respondents have at least four travel missions in a year and around 18% of the respondents Depsipeptide in vivo traveled at least or more than 10 times during a year. Table 1 shows the demographic and travel-related profiles of respondents. Of 3,109 survey respondents who reported that they made at least one mission in a typical year, we were able to match 3,004 with HR staff travel data. All analyses were conducted among the 3,004 matched travelers. A total of 4,100 near crashes were reported by WBG staff, which can be converted to 1 near crash per 15 missions.

There were 341 road crashes reported, or 1 in 175 missions. The most often stated contributing factors included driver’s decision errors, speeding, and road or weather conditions. MycoClean Mycoplasma Removal Kit Forty percent of crash victims reported that seatbelt was not in use at the time of crash. Seventy percent INCB018424 chemical structure of crashes took place in taxis. The distribution of high-risk countries, regardless of the indicator used to measure risk profile, reflected the pattern of typical travel destinations in the Bank, including mostly low- and middle-income countries. Responses to the question about perception of road safety were mapped to show overall picture of safety concerns of countries around

the world (indicator 3). The top 10 high-risk countries with respect to perception of risk were India, Kenya, South Africa, Egypt, Nigeria, Vietnam, Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Tanzania. The reported crashes and near crashes were highly associated. The correlation coefficient was 0.89, which is a strong positive association. Therefore we selected indicator 8 (incidence rate of total number of crashes and near crashes), as a main indicator of road safety risk by country. The list of high-risk countries for this indicator is presented in Table 2, the map in Figure 1. In response to the question “Do you have any suggestions to provide better road safety for Bank travelers?,” 1,068 suggestions and safety comments were collected and categorized in Table 3. Similar responses were compiled under the most common statement to avoid redundancies, and finally condensed to themes.

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