In all official competitions, judo athletes are paired with opponents of similar body this website weight through weight classes. The aim of such division is to ensure fairness and promote evenhanded combats in terms of strength, leverage and agility. However, it is well known that most judo competitors use several harmful methods of rapid weight loss in an attempt to classify for a lighter weight class and, by doing so, to obtain competitive advantage against selleck compound lighter and weaker opponents . The rapid weight loss is a well documented problem in collegiate wrestling. Since the 1970′s, studies have characterized
the patterns of rapid weight loss among wrestlers [4, 5]. Surveys addressing such patterns reported that ~80% of competitors engage in weight loss procedures [4, 5]. According to these studies, the most prevalent nutritional strategies for reducing weight are severe fluid and food restriction, using saunas and heated rooms and exercising with rubberized suits. The use of diuretics, laxatives, diet pills and even self-induced vomiting are extreme methods often reported in the literature . Athletes reduce body weight several times per season and the magnitude of weight cycling is of about 5% to 10% of body weight . Athletes start losing weight very early in their competitive life. Although adolescence is the period during which athletes most
often begin cutting weight, a few athletes might start unhealthy weight loss procedures at very early ages, as was the impressive
case of a 5-year- old boy who fasted check details and restricted food ingestion under his father’s advice . Although much less attention has been given to judo, recent studies have shown that the patterns of rapid weight loss in judo are very similar and comparable to Bortezomib those reported in wrestling . Rapid weight loss has been proven to negatively affect a number of health-related parameters. Briefly, it can lead to acute cardiovascular dysfunctions , immunosuppression , lowered bone density , impaired thermoregulation , impaired cognitive function , negative mood state , hormonal unbalance , temporary growth impairment , poor nutritional status , increased injury risk  and increased risk of developing eating disorders [4, 17]. Although some studies have demonstrated that rapid weight loss impairs high-intensity performance [18–20], no negative effects have been observed [21, 22] if athletes are allowed to recovery for at least 3-4 hours from weight loss (i.e., they are allowed to eat and drink as much as they want before the performance tests take place). Of note, in virtually all judo competitions, each first match begins within an average of ~3-6 hours after the weigh-in and this duration frequently lasts longer.