Moreover, morphological alterations of fungal cells were investigated using scanning electron microscopy. All disinfectant solutions killed all remaining fungal cells on the specimens. Interestingly, 4% chlorhexidine did not remove these cells from the acrylic resin surface whereas sodium hypochlorite solutions (1% and 2%) provided almost complete biofilm removal. Furthermore, treating the specimens with sodium hypochlorite induced cell morphology
alterations, as seen in the residual fungal cells. Finally, according to our findings, it can be suggested that sodium hypochlorite solutions are the first choice as denture cleanser when compared with 4% chlorhexidine because those solutions not only killed C. albicans biofilms but also removed them from the selleck kinase inhibitor heat-polymerised acrylic resin. “
“AMG-148, an oxathiolone-fused
chalcone derivative, exhibited in vitro antifungal activity against several strains of human pathogenic yeast, with minimum inhibitory concentration values within the range of 1–16 μg ml−1 and a fungicidal effect was observed at higher concentrations. Presence of major drug-effluxing membrane proteins Cdr1p, Cdr2p or Mdr1p, did not affect substantially the fungistatic activity of this compound against clinical Candida albicans strains. Studies on the mode of action revealed that AMG-148 inhibited chitin and β(13)glucan biosynthesis and was in vitro an inhibitor of β(13)glucan synthase. Inhibition of chitin biosynthesis was responsible for fungistatic activity, while the fungicidal effect was a consequence Protein tyrosine phosphatase of disturbance of β(13)glucan selleck chemicals llc synthase function. The chalcone derivative may be a useful lead compound for the development of novel antifungal agents. “
“Due to the increased number of immunocompromised patients, the infections associated with the pathogen of the genus Candida have significantly
increased in recent years. To grow, Candida albicans may form a germ tube extension from the cells, which is essential for virulence. In this work, we studied the effect of crude glycolic extract of Aloe vera fresh leaves (20% w/v) on growth and germ tube formation by C. albicans. The C. albicans growth was determined in the presence of different concentrations of A. vera extracts in Sabouraud dextrose broth medium. In the presence of A. vera extract (10% v/v), the pronounced inhibition in the C. albicans growth (90–100%) was observed. This inhibition occurred parallel to the decrease in the germ tube formation induced by goat serum. Our results demonstrated that A. vera fresh leaves plant extract can inhibit both the growth and the germ tube formation by C. albicans. Our results suggest the possibility that A. vera extract may be used as a promising novel antifungal treatment. “
“Colonisation may be the first step for the development of Candida infection.