“Purpose: The aims of this study were to compare gender di


“Purpose: The aims of this study were to compare gender differences in the width and length of the maxillary right central incisor

and the horizontal and vertical overlap of the anterior teeth and to determine the relationships of these two intraoral dental biometric measurements with the amount of gingival display during smiling. Materials and Methods: Proteasome inhibitor A total of 61 men and 66 women were included in this study. For each participant, the gingival tissue display during smiling was judged to be either visible or not, and the maximum mesiodistal and incisogingival dimensions of the maxillary right central incisor were measured, along with the amount of horizontal and vertical overlap of anterior teeth using a digital caliper. Gender differences in these parameters and the relationship between subjects showing gingival display when smiling and the two intraoral dental biometric measurements were determined.

Statistical analyses of data were performed using SPSS (V11) software. The mean scores for gender were calculated, and a Student’s t-test was used to identify significant differences between both groups. Significance level was set to 0.05. Results: The age of the participants ranged between 23 and 52, with a mean of 33.47 ± 9.07 years. A relatively small percentage of the subjects (22.05%) displayed gingiva when smiling. More women displayed gingiva when smiling than men, with a 2:1 female:male ratio. Men exhibited significantly (p < click here 0.05) wider (8.76 ± 0.66 mm) and longer (10.28 ± 0.88 mm) central incisors compared to women (7.92 ± 0.72 mm; 9.27 ± 0.93 mm width and length, respectively). No gender differences were found in the width-to-length ratio. Subjects with gingival display had significantly more horizontal (4.28 ± 1.21 mm; p < 0.001), and vertical (3.52 ± 0.66 mm; p < 0.05) overlap of anterior teeth compared to those who did not display gingiva when smiling (2.40 ± 1.03 and 2.30 ± 0.93 mm, respectively). Conclusions: Significantly more

women displayed gingiva in smiling. Men had significantly wider and longer central incisors. check details No differences were recorded between men and women relative to both the horizontal and vertical anterior tooth overlap. Subjects who displayed gingiva when smiling had more horizontal and vertical overlap of anterior teeth. “
“Purpose: The retentive forces and the strain energies absorbed during dislodging of implant overdenture stud attachments are useful parameters to consider in the selection of attachments. The purpose of this study was to compare the retentive forces and strain energies of the Nobel Biocare standard ball, Nobel Biocare newer generation ball (Yorba Linda, CA), Zest Anchor, Zest Anchor Advanced Generation (Escondido, CA), Sterngold-Implamed ERA white, and Sterngold-Implamed orange attachments (Attleboro, MA) on an implant-retained in vitro overdenture model.

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