Reconstruction of the anterior mandible is strongly indicated whe

Reconstruction of the anterior mandible is strongly indicated whenever possible. When the defect involves the tongue, the best results are provided by the association of two free flaps. Finally, the association of free and locoregional flaps ia a good option for external coverage reconstruction. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Microsurgery, 2010. “
“Intercostal neuralgia may ABT-888 mw develop following breast augmentation. The authors describe a woman who suffered 2 years of severe pain associated with cutaneous hypaesthesia in a T3-T5 distribution. Serial, placebo-controlled T3-T5 dorsal root nerve blocks provided temporary pain relief.

The patient experienced immediate and lasting pain relief (34 months) following bilateral T3-T5 dorsal rhizotomies. This case provides Z-IETD-FMK supplier anectdotal evidence that dorsal rhizotomy is a beneficial intervention for refractory intercostal neuralgia. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Microsurgery, 2011. “
“Background:

Lymphatic supermicrosurgery, lymphaticovenular anastomosis (LVA), is becoming a treatment option for progressive lymphedema with its effectiveness and minimal invasiveness. It is important to detect and anastomose large functional lymphatic vessels for LVA surgery. This study aimed to evaluate usefulness of a near-infrared illumination system-integrated microscope for lymphatic supermicrosurgery. Methods: We performed LVA on 12 lower extremity lymphedema (LEL) patients with or without intraoperative microscopic indocyanine green (ICG) lymphography guidance. An operating microscope equipped with an integrated near-infrared illumination system (OME-9000; Olympus, Tokyo, Japan) was used for intraoperative microscopic ICG lymphography guidance. Feasibility, anastomosis

patency, and treatment effect of the method were evaluated. Results: Forty LVAs were performed (24 LVAs with intraoperative microscopic ICG lymphography-guidance on 7 limbs, and 16 LVAs without the guidance on 5 limbs). Lymphatic vessels Tenoxicam were enhanced by intraoperative microscopic ICG lymphography in 11 of 12 skin incision sites. Time required for detection and dissection of lymphatic vessels in cases with intraoperative microscopic ICG lymphography guidance was significantly shorter than that in cases without the guidance (2.3 ± 1.7 min vs. 6.5 ± 4.0 min, P = 0.010). There was no statistically significant difference in LEL index reduction between cases with and without intraoperative microscopic ICG lymphography guidance (18.3 ± 5.5 vs. 15.0 ± 5.5, P = 0.337). Conclusions: Intraoperative microscopic ICG lymphography visualized lymphatic vessels, which helps a lymphatic supermicrosurgeon to find and dissect lymphatic vessels earlier. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery 34:23–27, 2014. Lymphatic supermicrosurgery, lymphaticovenular anastomosis (LVA), has become a treatment option for compression-refractory lymphedema.

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