Results  Of the 157 children in the baseline sample, 144 (917%)

Results.  Of the 157 children in the baseline sample, 144 (91.7%) were followed up.

The overall P-CPQ score showed a large decrease following treatment, along with an increase in the number scoring 0 (no impact). Similar relative Ipilimumab changes were observed in the oral symptoms and emotional well-being subscales, whereas the other two subscales showed moderate decreases. All post-treatment FIS scores were lower than pre-treatment ones; all showed moderate effect sizes. The greatest relative changes were seen in the parental/family activity and parental emotions subscales. Conclusions.  The dental treatment of young children under GA is associated with considerable improvement in their OHRQoL. The P-CPQ and the FIS are valid and responsive to treatment-associated changes in young children with early childhood caries (ECC). “
“International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2010; 20: 242–253 Aim.  This study aimed to investigate the role of dental fear (DF) and other personal characteristics in relation to dental behaviour management problems (DBMP). Design.  A study group of 230 patients

(7.5–19 years old; 118 girls), referred because of DBMP, was GSK2118436 ic50 compared to a reference group of 248 same-aged patients (142 girls) in ordinary dental care. Patients and their parents independently filled in questionnaires including measures of fear and anxiety, behavioural symptoms, temperamental reactivity, and emotion regulation. Results.  Study group patients referred because of DBMP differed from the reference group in all investigated aspects of personal characteristics. In the multivariate analyses, DF was the only variable with consistent discriminatory capacity through all age and gender subgroups. Aspects of anxiety, temperament, and behavioural symptoms contributed, but differently for different subgroups and at different levels of dental fear. Conclusions.  Among older children and adolescents, DF deserves to be re-established as the single most important discriminating variable for DBMP at clearly lower scores than commonly used. Further research should focus on the different patterns of DBMP development, considering Cell Penetrating Peptide various personal characteristics that may trigger, maintain,

or exacerbate young patients’ vulnerability to DF and DBMP. “
“Singapore is unique in that it is a 100% urban community with majority of the population living in a homogeneous physical environment. She, however, has diverse ethnicities and cultures as such; there may be caries risk factors that are unique to this population. The aims were to assess the oral health of preschool children and to identify the associated caries risk factors. An oral examination and a questionnaire were completed for each consenting child–parent pair. One hundred and ninety children (mean age: 36.3 ± 6.9 months) were recruited from six community medical clinics. Ninety-two children (48.4%) were caries active. The mean d123t and d123s scores were 2.2 ± 3.3 and 3.0 ± 5.6, respectively.

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