The sample is injected onto a column

of cation exchange r

The sample is injected onto a column

of cation exchange resin and derivatized with o-phthalaldehyde. The reaction with the amino acids present in the eluent forms conjugated compounds whose quantity is then established by spectrophotometric analysis. The amount of each reaction product is directly proportional to the quantity of amino acid present. The retention time of peak identifies the amino acid, the area under the peak indicating the quality of amino acid present. The required calibration analysis has been performed by using nor-leucine as internal standard. All data are expressed as mean ± standard error of the mean (SEM) or ± standard deviation (SD). The SE estimate for the fitted rheobase (R) and time constant (τ) values (and relative independent Adriamycin clinical trial statistical analysis) were obtained as previously described. Independent one-way anova analysis for multiple comparison of drug efficacy was performed on the two fitted values [8,29]. Statistical analysis for direct comparison between two means was performed by unpaired Student’s t-test. Multiple statistical

comparison between groups Ivacaftor ic50 was performed by one-way anova, with Bonferroni’s t-test post hoc correction for allowing a better evaluation of intra- and inter-group variability and avoiding false positive. Animal groups were homogenous for body weight and fore limb strength at the beginning of the study (Table 1). As expected, a typical reduction in fore limb strength was observed after 4 weeks of exercise in the mdx animals [8]. The three groups of drug-treated mdx mice showed an amelioration of the exercise-induced decrease of fore limb strength, detectable on both the absolute strength value and its 4-week

increment (Table 1). However, the effect was remarkable and significant only with the combination PDN + taurine, which exerted a greater effect than either of the two drugs administered alone. A difference in body weight gain was observed between the drug-treated groups, with PDN- and PDN + taurine-treated mice showing the less Carteolol HCl increment. To take into account the inter-individual influence of body weight, for each mouse the fore limb strength has been normalized to body weight both at the beginning (time 0) and at the end of 4 weeks of exercise (time 4) and the normalized force increment over the 4 weeks of treatment was calculated (Figure 1). In agreement with previous findings [8], both PDN and taurine significantly contrasted the exercise-induced impairment of normalized force increment. The increment presently observed with PDN was greater than that previously found, likely in relation to the different administration route used (i.p. vs. oral [8];).

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