The results show that approval rates were similar for rare and common disease applications. Larger company size, prior regulatory experience and priority review designation were PFTα in vitro associated with higher approval rates. The study findings show that rare disease product development is feasible, and increased interactions between product developers
and FDA in early investigational phases can facilitate product development.”
“Resonance Raman studies have uncovered puzzling complexities in the structures of NO adducts of heme proteins. Although CO adducts of heme proteins obey well-behaved anti-correlations between Fe-C and C-O stretching frequencies, which reflect changes
in backbonding induced by distal H-bonding residues, the corresponding NO data are scattered. This scatter can be traced to distal influences, since protein-free NO-hemes do show well-behaved anti-correlations. Why do distal effects produce irregularities in nu FeN/nu NO plots but not in nu FeC/nu CO plots? We show via density functional theory (DFT) computations on model systems that the response to distal H-bonding differs markedly when the NO acceptor atom is N versus O. Backbonding is augmented by H-bonding to O, but the effect of H-bonding to N is to weaken both N-O and N-Fe bonds. The resulting downward deviation from the nu FeN/nu NO backbonding line increases with increasing H-bond strength. This effect explains the deviations observed for a series of myoglobin variants, in which the strength of distal H-bonding Sirtuin inhibitor is modulated by distal pocket residue Screening Library clinical trial substitutions. Most of the data follow a positive nu FeN/nu NO correlation with the same slope as that calculated for H-bonding to N. Such deviations are not observed for CO adducts, because the CO pi* orbital is unoccupied, and serves as
a delocalized acceptor of H-bonds. H-bonding to N primes NO-heme for reduction to the HNO adduct, a putative intermediate in NO-reducing enzymes.”
“An 8-year-old male German longhaired pointer was referred for diabetes insipidus responsive to treatment with desmopressin. The dog had polyuria and polydipsia, exercise intolerance and a dull hair coat. Plasma concentrations of thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyroxine, growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-I were decreased; plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) was slightly elevated and plasma alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) was within the reference range. Computed tomography revealed a heterogeneously contrast-enhancing plantar), mass compressing the hypothalamus. Transsphenoidal hypophysectorny was performed and microscopical examination of the surgical biopsy samples revealed hypophysitis without evidence of pituitary adenoma.