The sequences of the primers used for the PCR were emm-n4Eco
and emm-c3Sal (Table 1). The DNA was then digested with EcoRI and SalI, and subcloned into the same site in pGEX4T-1 (GE Healthcare Biosciences, Piscataway, NJ, USA). After confirmation of the sequence, this plasmid was used to produce the recombinant M protein in Escherichia coli BL21. The recombinant M protein was purified using GST Purification Modules (GE Healthcare) according to the manufacturer’s instructions. The purity of the recombinant M protein was evaluated by means of conventional SDS-PAGE. Purified recombinant M protein was then sent to Takara Bio, where a rabbit polyclonal antibody for it was produced. 17-AAG mw A recombinant M4 protein was prepared using a primer set consisting of emm–c3Sal, emm-n7Sal and pGEX4T-2, as described for
the recombinant M protein. Figure 1 shows the amino acid alignment of the recombinant https://www.selleckchem.com/products/idasanutlin-rg-7388.html M4 and M proteins prepared in this study. Streptococcus pyogenes strains were cultured in BHIY medium containing 10 μg/mL of E-64 (Sigma-Aldrich Japan, Tokyo, Japan). Cultures were grown at 37°C for 18 hr without agitation. M protein was extracted by means of the hot HCL method after standardization according to justification of the OD600 value of the culture to 1.0. Briefly, a 1 mL aliquot of each bacterial culture was centrifuged (8000 ×g, 10 min) and washed once with PBS, pH 7.4, after removal of the supernatant. The pellet was suspended in 0.2 mL of 1M HCl and then incubated for 10 min at 100°C. After neutralization with 0.2 mL of 1 M NaOH, the suspension was centrifuged (8000 ×g, 10 min) and the resultant supernatant, 0.4 mL in volume, was transferred to a new microtube. Trichloroacetic acid (Sigma-Aldrich) was added to a final concentration of 10%. After 10 min on ice, the solution was subjected to centrifugation (8000 ×g, 10 min) and washed once with
SPTLC1 ice-cold acetone after removal of the supernatant. A 0.02-mL aliquot of distilled water was added and the whole solution suspended in a microtube. Each such solution was then used as a sample of the strain it contained for dot blot analysis. Cultures were grown at 37°C for 18 hr without agitation. A 1 mL aliquot of each bacterial culture was centrifuged (8000 ×g, 10 min) after standardization, and the supernatant was then filtrated through MILLEX GP (Millipore, Bedford, MA, USA). Trichloroacetic acid was added to a final concentration of 10%. After 10 min on ice, the solution was subjected to centrifugation (8000 ×g, 10 min) and washed once with ice-cold acetone after removal of the supernatant. A 0.02 mL aliquot of distilled water was added to dissolve the sediment. The sample was two-fold serially diluted from 21 to 211 with PBS. A 1 μl sample of each strain and samples of its dilutions were applied to nitrocellulose membranes.